Saturday, January 26, 2013

Question: Are the preservatives found in our ingredients enough to preserve the product?

I see people asking if they need to include a preservative in their product when they are using ingredients that already contain preservatives, and the short answer is yes. The long answer is also yes with an explanation.

Let's say you want to make this toner (from this post on dry skin toners). How much preservative would we find in the ingredients? Is that enough to preserve the entire product?

19% water
20% aloe vera
20% hydrosol of choice
20% another hydrosol of choice
0.5% allantoin
5% Cromollient SCE or water soluble shea or water soluble olive oil (PEG-7 olivate) or another water soluble emollient
2% hydrolyzed oat protein
2% hydrolyzed silk protein
2.5% sodium lactate or sodium PCA
2% niacinamide

2% panthenol
0.5% green tea extract
0.5% chamomile extract
0.5% banana extract (or another extract of choice)
3% honeyquat
0.5% preservative of choice (use as directed)

We will probably find preservatives in the aloe vera, hydrosols, proteins, sodium lactate, honeyquat, panthenol, and liquid extracts. They will be at the level required for that ingredient, which could range from the minimum to the maximum of the suggested preservative depending upon the difficulty in preserving that ingredient. Manufacturers are only going to use what they need in their product to save money, which means the preservative will likely be found in quite low quantities and might be specific only to that ingredient's needs without being a broad spectrum preservative.

What does this mean for us? If we relied only on the preservatives in our ingredients, we'd be short preservative for the product because our water isn't preserved! We don't know if the preservative used in an ingredient is suitable for the product we're making - for instance, is a surfactant as hard to preserve as a botanical? - and we don't know if we have enough. We also don't know if the preservatives are heat tolerant. I'm heating up a whole bunch of ingredients here, and most of our preservatives don't like to be heated and held, so how can I know if they survived the very necessary heated water phase intact?

In short, the preservatives found in our ingredients are not enough to preserve an entire product.


Lise M Andersen said...

Great post Susan. This is a question I also get quite often from folks.

Rocio said...

Hi Susan.

Thanks for sharing this information.

Have a great day!!