What did others have to say about this project?
Sciaretta Farms says: I did it! My second ever batch of lotion!
Yay! Great job!
I don't think I'm the only one envious of your packaging! Lovely! And thank goodness you also have a smart husband who might want to eat it, but knows enough not to eat it (or at least ask - my husband included that bit)! Smart husbands rock!
And Alex writes: made my body butter and i love it!!to thicken it up would you just increase the amount of butter and decrease the amount of water? or would you be better off using a harder butter? and yes, my first lotion from a couple of weeks ago is all used up!! i've been scouring your facial products posts because i want to make a face moisturizer next!! :-D
And there's the first question...
If you want your body butter to be thicker, what could you do? (There are a few ideas after the recipe, but I'd love to hear your suggestions!)
BASIC BODY BUTTER RECIPE
HEATED WATER PHASE
2% sodium lactate or glycerin (optional)
HEATED OIL PHASE
3% cetyl alcohol
7% Polawax (e-wax)
COOL DOWN PHASE
0.5% to 1% preservative
1% fragrance or essential oil
- You could reduce your oils by 5% and use 20% butter, 5% oils.
- You could reduce your oils completely by 10% and have 25% butter.
- You could change the type of butter you're using. Mango butter seems to thicken more than shea butter, and cocoa butter thickens more than both of them.
- You can use an exotic butter - kokum butter, for instance - that will thicken it even more.
- You can switch cetyl alcohol for another thickener - stearic acid, cetearyl alcohol, cetyl esters, and so on (click here for that link).
- You can add more butters and oils, but this requires a modification of your oil phase - click here for a post on that topic. So increase your butters to make up 30% of the recipe, increase the emulsifier to be 25% of the oil phase (I'll let you do the math), then reduce your water by the increased oil/butter and emulsifier amount. (Definitely read the post on the topic if this is what you want to do!)
And Will asks: How do you make a small amount of cream, such as an "eye cream" that you're going to dump expensive actives into, where your total desired quantity is about an ounce? I'm guessing the answer is to make ten and share, but just in case it's not....
In all honestly, that's what I would do. I'd make my 100 gram batch - about 3.5 ounces - and give the extras to the people whose opinions matter to me. I don't like making things smaller than 100 grams because I could slip my hand just slightly and that 1% becomes 1.9% and that's a big difference in a small amount of product. But you don't want to make a lot, so making a small batch might be a good idea!
Get yourself an epoxy scale or a scale that measures down to the 0.1 gram, and make yourself a smaller batch. The down side to this is that it doesn't take much to have too much of something. If you scale everything down to make a 30 gram batch - 1 ounce - then you'd be using 0.15 grams of preservative. How do you measure the 0.05 part of this? You could measure 0.1 grams and be happy with it, but there will be a lot of 0.0# grams in the mix. Make sure you are really picky about measuring everything, and make sure you take lots of notes so you can replicate it in a larger size.
What's next? We're making a cream on February 21st! This means we'll be playing with stearic acid, so if you don't have any yet, you'll want to get some before that date!