Thursday, June 17, 2010
Challenge: Start with the basics!
If you're nervous about making a product for the first time, choose a basic recipe for something you might like from a trusted source (click here for some ideas on how to tell if it's a good recipe. And don't forget, suppliers like the Herbarie or Voyageur have great recipes!). Don't try to tweak it or add other things, just choose one that has ingredients you already have or are easy to find. Then make it.
As a note, I try to call the basic recipes "basic something or other" so you know this is the base recipe for that product - body butter, lotion, shampoo, conditioner - and that's where I'd suggest you start if you're looking at making a recipe from this blog.
Let's say you want to make a lotion (from this post and this post...). Choose your oil - just choose one - and choose your butter - again, just one. Don't stress about the benefits of the oils or their shelf lives just yet, just follow the instructions and rejoice in having made a lotion! (Although you'll want to note which oils you use and put a use by date on the bottle.)
BASIC FIRST LOTION RECIPE
HEATED WATER PHASE
HEATED OIL PHASE
5% shea or mango butter
3% cetyl alcohol
5% emulsifier (BTMS, Polawax, or emulsifying wax NF)
COOL DOWN PHASE
1% fragrance or essential oil
0.5% to 1% preservative
(This doesn't total 100% because of the difference in preservatives!)
1. Weigh out your water in a heat proof container and put into a double boiler. (As a note, weigh more than 70% because it will evaporate when heated, so you'll have less than 70% in the end).
2. Weigh out your oil, butter, cetyl alcohol, and emulsifier in a heat proof container and put into your double boiler.
3. When both containers have reached 70C, weigh out your water again, then add it to your oil container. (This is a very cool moment...watch closely. It's emulsified! It's lotion!)
4. Blend with a hand mixer or stick blender for at least 3 minutes. Repeat this process as often as you would like until the temperature reaches 45C.
5. Let cool to 45C, then add your fragrance or essential oil and preservative. Mix well with your hand mixer or stick blender, then let cool.
6. When the mixture has cooled to room temperature (a few hours), put into a bottle (with a pump, if possible), jar, or malibu bottle, then use.
If you want a body butter instead of a lotion, check out this recipe for a basic body butter.
So get into that workshop and get formulating! I only have 4 more days until we be jamming!